Thursday, February 9, 2023

Recalibrated Chinese expansionism to continue; adding worry to India ⭐

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China has become synonymous with neo-expansionism in the last decade. India plays a key role in the plot of Chinese expansionism. No matter what, Chinese expansionism will continue in the coming decades albeit recalibrated and India has to deal with that. Expansionism as defined in dictionaries mostly looks at the element of physical aggrandisement namely a country’s tendency and desire for territorial expansion. However, when one tries to understand China, as an expansionist power, the discourse cannot be as simple and linear as to be confined essentially to spatial dimensions. China’s urge for territorial extension is only perhaps one aspect, rather a manifestation of the country’s own analysis of expansionism in a broader sense. It is rooted in Chinese history, particularly the contemporary period since 1949 and its perception of the international order through its own historicity. China perceives itself to be a civilisational power with a capacity to lay an alternative world order and provide leadership in it. Given this background, this discussion tries to understand the rationale of Chinese expansionism taking into account two aspects of Chinese posturing vis-a-vis the international community – its urge for global leadership and its regional dynamics focusing on expansion and its impact on Sino-India relations. Expanding influence worldwide: The urge for global leadership Right from the days of revolution led by the iconic Mao Zedong, China perceived the international order from a perspective of deprivation, subordination and injustice thus making it illegal and unacceptable as it were. The preceding century of colonial exploitation reified the cause of grievance against the western order. In the post-revolution period as a consequence, China sought to initiate the trajectory of leadership by siding with North Korea in confronting South Korea (and the United States), sponsoring insurgency in neighbouring Southeast Asia and providing support to all liberation struggles in far-flung colonies. In doing so not only was China advocating the replacement of neo-colonial, capitalist systems with socialist ones, it was also providing alternative models of liberation to the struggling countries, keeping at arm’s length the major organisations advocating against colonialism and neo-colonialism – the Non-Aligned Movement and the G-77. During this period China restrained from multilateral participation and responsibility part...

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